Evaluation of new hybrid brachiaria lines in Thailand. 2. Seed production

Michael D. Hare, Esteban A. Pizarro, Supaphan Phengphet, Theerachai Songsiri, Naddakorn Sutin

Abstract


Forty-three new hybrid bracharia lines bred at CIAT, Colombia, were evaluated for seed production in Northeast Thailand between 2006 and 2010 in 2 experiments at 2 sites, Ubon Ratchathani and Amnart Charoen. These lines were compared with Mulato II hybrid brachiaria. From the BR02 collection, 4 lines, BR02/1718, BR02/1752, BR02/1794 and BR02/0465, were granted Plant Variety Rights in 2011. BR02/1794 produced more seed than Mulato II on most occasions, including both harvests at Ubon Ratchathani and 2 of 3 harvests at Amnart Charoen. The next best yielding lines were BR02/1718 and BR02/0465, which produced more seed than Mulato II in 1 of 2 harvests at Ubon Ratchathani and 2 of 3 harvests at Amnart Charoen. Seed-set (percentage of cleaned seed to spikelets) was generally very low in all hybrid lines (1–12%). The reasons for low seed-set in hybrid brachiaria grasses are discussed, including: being a common defect in newly formed apomictic forage hybrids; previous selection for seed yield not being rigorous enough; and insufficient selection at latitudes and sites where commercial brachiaria seed production is practiced.

Keywords: Cayman, Cobra, Mulato II, seed yields, seed yield components.

DOI: 10.17138/TGFT(3)94-103

 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17138/tgft(3)94-103

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